All posts in Reading

Pose, Pause, PAIR, Pounce, Bounce? Facilitating Rich Conversations About Text

During lesson study debriefs over the last several years, the teachers that I support shared their observations relevant to a variety of focal points. Often, they lingered over what they […]

Five Ways to Help Readers Manage Frustration

1. Frame it positively. I notice that all too often, readers assume that unless they are reading fast, reading accurately, and making perfect meaning from text, they are failing. Several […]

Building vs. Activating Background Knowledge

I spent Saturday with teachers and writers at the WNY Young Writers’ Studio. Our season is winding down, and everyone is swimming in the depths of the projects they’ve been […]

I’m Not Sure Which Common Core You’re Reading, But Mine Supports Choice

Students’ ability to read complex text does not always develop in a linear fashion. Although the progression of Reading standard 10 (see below) defines required grade-by-grade growth in students’ ability […]


Why Data? Because Passion Can Narrow Perspective

Yesterday, I opened a conversation about the roles that assessment and intervention play in attending to the needs of struggling and reluctant readers. Would you like to know the most […]

Want to Know Why Readers Struggle? Ask Them.

When we first meet a reluctant or struggling reader, sometimes our first impulse is to act in service to this reader. We are teachers. We want to help, and we know […]

Could Balance Empower Struggling and Reluctant Readers?

  I’m wondering what the unintended consequences might be of  mandating the removal of any one of these parts from the whole? But I’m also wondering what the unintended consequences […]

Scaffolding Texts and Reading Experiences

When we’re paying attention, we learn things about our students that we’ve never considered before. Over the last three years, I’ve conducted lesson studies in roughly fifty classrooms with over […]

From “They Can’t” to “Here’s Why” to “Let’s Try”: Formative Assessment that Serves Readers Well

Yesterday, I described the pivotal role that assessment plays in defining the unique needs of readers. Today, I thought I would share a tool that emerged from inquiry work I […]

Distinguishing Reluctant Readers from Struggling Readers

How do you distinguish reluctant readers from those who struggle? How great is the overlap in the venn diagram that represents these readers as they present in your world? Which […]